Gopher poison bait is used for killing rats. A gopher is a small borrowing rodent. They belong to the family Geomyidae, which are also called pocket gophers or true gophers. These are native to Northern America. The pocket gopher is a stocky, medium-sized, burrowing rodent. Since Gophers are rodents hence gopher poison bait is becoming popular. The name comes from the fact that it has a fur-lined external cheek that pouches in when the rodent carries its food. Gopher poison bait is very cheap and hence can be easily used.
The gopher spends most of its life under ground in a tunnel system that it digs for itself. The average adult gopher is around 10 to 12 inches long and weighs around 1 pound. The head is small and flattened, and its neck is short and stout. With broad, thick and muscular shoulders and forearms that are ideal for digging, the front feet have long robust claws to burrow into the ground. The back feet are considerably smaller, with short toes and claws. Gopher poison bait is used to counter these rats in the easiest way.
Though weak of sight, its eyes secrete a fluid that is supposed to help clean out dirt and grit. Hearing again is weak, but while digging the ears have valves inside that shut themselves out so that dirt cannot get inside. The gopher�s incisors are large and protruding with the fur lined lips closing immediately upon them so that it can burrow into roots without eating dirt. Therefore Gopher poison bait is all the more important these days.
As far as extermination goes, there are two options: poison baits (rodenticides) and traps. The most widely used poison is strychnine alkaloid. Other commonly used poisons are Zinc phosphide-based such as ZP Gopher poison Bait that is a commonly used home rodenticide for vole control. However, the two best-known brand names in the poison bait industry, d-Con and Rodex, are Warfarin-based. Warfarin is a blood anti-coagulant, which means that the use of this poison would cause internal bleeding and hemorrhage in the rodent, ultimately leading to its death. Treated grain, for example Milo or barley, or cut vegetables can be used to bait the rodents.
Gopher poisons baits, however, are classified as �restricted use� pesticides in many states when purchased in containers that contain more than one pound of pesticide in them. To purchase such large quantities of the pesticide, one would require a private pesticide applicators license. The use of gopher poison baits are widespread because they are an efficient an economical way of getting rid of gophers.